Paper Title
GLOBAL PEACE AND SECURITY: A CASE FOR FACILITY MANAGEMENT IN LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES IN ENUGU, NIGERIA
Author
O. A. Odenigbo, C. C. Ezema, & N. I. Ewurum
Section
Law, Leadership, and Social Sciences
Abstract

Given the novel challenges faced by law enforcement agencies in achieving sustainable peace globally and locally, the study fills the gap in extant literature by determining the role of facility management (FM) in overcoming the challenges. It is significant to law enforcement agencies, Estate Surveyors and Valuers (ESVs), the public, and scholars. Related literature in FM and service delivery proxies of law enforcement agencies are reviewed conceptually and empirically. The population of the study comprises all 6 security agencies and 45 ESVs in Enugu. The focus group is limited to a sample of 138 officers, determined with Freund and Williams formula for infinite population due to the reluctance of the agencies to release their official population figures. The expert survey covers all 45 ESVs using a Likert scale structured questionnaire. Hypotheses were tested with One-sample Kolmogorov Smirnov Test and Correlation Coefficient. The study found that prospects of FM in law enforcement agencies are advancing the strategic utilization of the workplace, sustainable inventory management, and establishment of effective communication systems. It concludes that FM will play a significant positive role of engendering global peace through improved service delivery of law enforcement agencies. The study recommends that government appoint ESVs with respect to cohesive facility management functions in the agencies.

Keywords
facility management, global peace, law enforcement agencies, service delivery.

Introduction

Security is critical to the development and advancement of any nation. Any government that is found wanting in providing adequate security for its citizens is, to put it mildly, catastrophically irresponsible. For a nation to achieve relative success in this critical area that concerns every aspect of human endeavour, it must have in place reliable law enforcement agencies that are physically, structurally, morally, mentally and technologically consistent with global best practices. Their primary role is securing compliance with existing laws and conformity with precepts of social order.

In the recent past, security agencies have experienced novel challenges alien to the norm. Groups such as Islamic State popularly known as ISIS, Al Qaeda, Boko Haram, Al-Shabbab, drug cartels, to mention a few, are already household names in Nigeria. Events such as destructions of farmlands, properties and lives by suspected renegade herdsmen, blowing up of pipelines by militants, kidnapping, terrorism, militancy, rape, drug abuse, and cybercrime regularly occupy the headlines of Nigerian dailies. With each advent of these troubling elements, governments globally and locally are faced with the challenge of responding in equal, if not overwhelming measure.

Global Peace Index (2013) by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) provides a damning assessment of Nigeria’s equipment to tackle insecurity with the country ranked as low as 149 out of 163 countries. The IEP is endorsed by Dalai Lama, Kofi Annan, Desmond Tutu, among others, and uses indicators such as number of organized internal conflicts, political instability, terrorist activity, regional integration to arrive at its results. This exposes the low service delivery of Nigerian law enforcement agencies.

The poor apparatus of Nigeria’s security agencies indicated in the Index prioritizes sustainable evaluations of the facilities in line with their goal of sustaining peace. This assertion buttresses the facility management (FM) discourse which emphasizes innovation, anticipation, adaptation and continuous improvement towards meeting the expectation of all stakeholders. It is worrisome, therefore, that FM is still an emerging concept in the Nigerian public sector (Opaluwa, 2005, p. 2), and its nexus with performance of security agencies is yet to be established in indigenous literature. The study sets in motion an empirical analysis into the prospect of FM in improving global peace through the enhanced performance of law enforcement agencies in Enugu Nigeria.

 

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