Paper Title
RESTRUCTURING: THE ROAD TO PEACE AND DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
Author
Godwin Kelechi Odo
Section
Law, Leadership, and Social Sciences
Abstract

Nigeria is a country that is in dire need of restructuring. The call for this has become very strident among scholars, politicians and statesmen alike. Among the politicians, the word, “restructuring” has become a manifesto without a clear roadmap on how it can be achieved. In this work, we look at the concept of restructuring in relationship with the practice of federalism in Nigerian politics. The historical background of federalism in Nigeria is traced to show a balanced view of how a restructured Nigeria should work. This paper concludes that in the absence of restructuring, there will be no justice in Nigeria and inevitably peace and development will continue to be elusive.

Keywords
restructuring, federalism, development, resource control, democracy

Introduction

For us to understand the background for the agitation of a restructured Nigeria, we look back at the Nigerian history and try to link the historical experience to the present agitation of a restructured Nigeria and subsequently make a prediction of how a restructured Nigeria is expected to work.

Nigeria came into existence following the coming into effect of the Nigeria Council in 1914. The British government rule over Nigeria territory ended on 1st October 1960 when Nigeria was declared an independent country. The period between 1954 and 1960 was a period of intensive political negotiation among the power brokers in Nigeria on the nature and political arrangement of the anticipated independent Nigeria. The Richard Constitution of 1946 had previously created three regional councils and legislative chambers in the Northern, Western and Eastern parts of the country (Obingene & Ujam, 2018). This constitution led to series of conferences which culminated in Macpherson Constitution of 1951 which introduced House of Representatives and elected majorities in the three regional legislatures. In 1953, a conference was organised in London which resulted in Lyttleton Constitution of 1954 that laid the foundation for Nigeria independence. The constitution provided for Nigeria, a federal state with limited and specific powers allocated to the federal government and the rest either shared by the central and regional or allocated to the regional government entirely (Obingene & Ujam, 2018). This was a great departure from the 1951 constitution which was unitary in nature with powers devolving from the centre to the regions. The duties assigned to central government included among others defence, external relations, foreign trade, Central Court of Justice, etc. Among the powers to be shared included higher education, industrial development, power, insurance, etc.  It is worthy of note that to give credence and effects to the federalism, the nature of revenue allocation was changed.

Download the rest of the work from the link below the references

 

Refrences

Adibe, J. (2017, July 12). Separatist agitations in Nigeria: Causes and trajectories [Web log Post] Retrieved from https://www.brookings.edu/blog/africa-in-focus/2017/07/12/separatist-agitations-in-nigeria-causes-and-trajectories

Akinkuotu, E. (2018, June 26). With 87m poor citizens, Nigeria overtakes India as world’s poverty capital. The Punch. Retrieved from https://www.punchng.com

Allingham, M. (2014). Distributive justice. London: Routledge.

Armstrong, C. (2012). Global distributive justice: An introduction. Cambridge: University Press.

Bello, S. A (2017, June 11). Restructuring Nigeria: A critical analysis. This Day. Retrieved from https://www.thisdaylive.com

Dialoke, I., & Edeja, M. (2017). Effects of Niger Delta militancy on the economic development of Nigeria (2006-2016). International Journal of Social Sciences and Management Research, 3(3). Retrieved from https://www.iiardpub.org.

El-Rufai, N. A. (2017, September 21). What is restructuring and does Nigeria need it? - The essence of the restructuring debate in Nigeria. Sahara Reporters. Retrieved from http://www.saharareporters.com/2017/09/21/what-restructuring-and-does-nigeria-need-it-essence-restructuring-debate-nigeria-nasir-1

Falola, T., & Heaton, M. (2008). A History of Nigeria. Cambridge: University Press.

Follesdal, A. (2018). Federalism. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Summer 2018 Edition). E. N. Zalta (Ed.). Retrieved from https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2018/entries/federalism/.

Forsyth, D. R. (2006). Conflict. In D. R. Forsyth. Group Dynamics (5th Ed.) (pp. 388 - 389). Belmont: CA, Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.

Frenkel, M. (2007). Federal theory. Switzerland: Centre for Research on Federal Financial Relations

Idris, I. (2017, September 22). Nigeria needs additional 3100 Police officers. Premium Times.  Retrieved from https://www.premiumtimes.com

Independence Constitution of 1960.

Information Service (1956). Eastern Region (Nigeria). Enugu: Enugu, Eastern Nigeria Information Service.

Distributive Justice. (2017). In The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2017 Edition). Retrieved from https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2017/entries/justice-distributive

Maiese, M. (2013). Distributive Justice. In G. Burgess, & H. Burgess (Eds.). Beyond Intractability.  Retrieved from

http://www.beyondintractability.org/essay/distributive- justice.

Ministry of Commerce, Eastern Region (Nigeria) (1966). Investment opportunities in Eastern Nigeria. Govt. Printer

Nwogwugwu, N., Alao, O. E., & Egwuonwu, C. (2012). Militancy and insecurity in the Niger Delta: Impact on the inflow of foreign direct investment to Nigeria. Kuwait Chapter of Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review, 2(1).

Obingene, A. U., & Ujam, H. (2018). Citizenship: A Citizenship Education Series Part 1. Enugu: ZIK-Chuks Publishers

Okonkwo, N. (2016, March 6). Biafra will not stand, Buhari vows. Vanguard.

Okunnu, L. O. (2019).  Return to 1960, 1963 revenue sharing formula key solution to question of fiscal federalism, restructuring. Retrieved from https://www.businessamlive.com/return-to-1960-1963-revenue-sharing-formula-key-solution-to-question-of-fiscal-federalism-restructuring/

Onabu, O. (2002, November 21). Nigeria: 2,483 died in Odi massacre, Says Era. ThisDay

Pearson, S. (n.d). The economic imperialism of The Royal Niger Company. Retrieved January 19, 2019, from https://ageconsearch.umn.edu/bitstream/135014/2/fris-1971-10-01-278.pdf.

Political restructuring and devolution of powers and national development (n.d). Retrieved January 9, 2019 from https://www.grossarchive.com/project/4004/political-restructuring-and-devolution-of-powers-and-national-development.html

Power Africa (2019, January 19). Retrieved from U.S Agency for International Development. https://www.usaid.gov/powerafrica.

The Lyttelton Constitution of 1954 (n.d). Retrieved January 9, 2019 from NGEX website http://www.ngex.com/nigeria/constitution/con1954.htm.

The Unification Decree: No. 34 of 1966.

Umeh, C. C. (1989). The advent and growth of television brodcasting in Nigeria: Its political and educational overertones.  Africa Media Review, 3 (2).

What restructuring means (2017, July 27). Retrieved from www.guardian.ng/politics/what- restructuring-means/

...