Paper Title
FACTORS MILITATING AGAINST QUALITATIVE LEADERSHIP IN BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP FOR SUSTAINABLE NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
Author
Onyemaechi Dennis Nebeife
Section
Management and Financial Studies
Abstract

Lack of qualitative leadership has been generally identified as the cause of Nigeria’s under-development. Hence, it is believed that the very best way to escape the poverty trap anywhere is to engage in entrepreneurial development as a personal monetization scheme to higher ventures. Among the objectives of the study are to determine how ethnic, religious, social interaction, and economic considerations, respectively, in leadership and entrepreneurship affect sustainable national development in Nigeria. The test of the hypotheses was made using parametric statistic of differences in means which produced the following results: (a) ethnic consideration in leadership and entrepreneurship has significant effect on sustainable national development in Nigeria; (b) religious consideration in leadership and entrepreneurship has correlation with sustainable national development in Nigeria; (c) social interaction in leadership and entrepreneurship has correlation with sustainable national development in Nigeria; and (d)  economic consideration in leadership and entrepreneurship has significant effect on sustainable national development in Nigeria. It was, therefore concluded and recommended that Nigeria needs qualitative leadership to assail to greater heights in the global development index.

Keywords
qualitative leadership, entrepreneurship, national development, business administration and sustainability

Introduction

Background of the Study

The development of any nation, to a great extent, depends on the quality of administration of the various business outfits in the country. The pride of any nation is the attainment of higher value level of development in such a way that its citizens would derive natural attachment to governance. However, for a nation to be in a phase of development there must be some pre-requisites, which include socio-political and economic stability. The gap between the developed and the developing countries is not static or narrow but is continually widening. A large majority of the world’s population in the developing world lives in a state of poverty. This is attributable to the quality of leadership, and this is where business administration comes in. Business administration seeks to develop quality leadership which in turn determines how the citizens fare in their daily lives in any particular nation.

In the global arena, as Lynn and Gurel-Atay (2014) observe, the tag of ‘developed nation’ to any nation, as against a ‘developing’ one, is the extent of qualitative leadership obtainable. In the words of Blewitt (2015), qualitative leadership is one that has people in mind in all its activities and formations. Such a leadership always executes projects that alleviate the suffering of the masses in infrastructural development. In the regional concept, the problem of urban population, rural stagnation, unemployment and growing inequalities continue to face developing countries due largely to bad governance of which Nigeria is a key player. Here, we examine the trend of national development in Nigeria, and provide a workable method of approach to national development.

Development is critical and essential to the sustenance and growth of any nation. A country is classified as developed when it is able to provide qualitative life for her citizenry. Nigeria in the last fifty years has been battling with the problems of development. In spite of her huge human, material and natural resources, Nigeria is still among the developing countries. The concept of national development is a continuous process of improvement leading the country to new levels. Hence, sustainable national development is usually consciously planned to maintain steady development by graciously utilizing the gains of natural deposits like oil and solid minerals to develop the nation in human capital, infrastructure, technology, education and provision of excellent services. In Nigeria, lack of qualitative leadership is generally believed to be the cause of underdevelopment. In the concept of business administration, lack of qualitative leadership makes for misuse of resources and wastage of opportunities for profitable investment. In entrepreneurship development, lack of qualitative leadership would deny the entrepreneur the insight to maximize resource use and optimize investment opportunities. The very essence of qualitative leadership to the entrepreneur is to add maximally to gross national product by his profitable productive ventures, which is the reason for sustainable national development.

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