Paper Title
IMPACT OF ICT ON EDUCATIONAL INFORMATION MANAGEMENT: THE EDUCATION MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM (EMIS) IN ENUGU STATE
Author
Ifeanyi Onah
Section
Education
Abstract

A few decades ago, both teachers and learners had limited access to educational information and consequently fell victims of information deficiency. Consequently, information users suffered from insufficient materials and limited sources of other information. With the spate of Information Communication Technology (ICT), a later generation of learners is experiencing unbridled access to information of various kinds. Today, the problem is how to effectively manage the quantum of information available for use.  Hence a paperless society has emerged, where every step to access a unit of information could became almost entirely digitalized. This paper studied the positive impact of Information Communication Technology (ICT) on the management of information in the education sub-sector, globally and at local level. Specifically, the researcher studied the Enugu State Education Management Information System (EMIS) and its positive impact on educational development in the state. Major sources of data for this study came from the publications of Enugu State Ministry of Education with the support of Education Sector Support Programme in Nigeria (ESSPIN) and personal opinions of civil servants in the State. A structured questionnaire was used to collect primary data. Some conclusions and recommendations were made including the adoption of EMIS to all levels of education in Enugu State.

Keywords
Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Education Management Information System (EMIS), Paperless society, Computer-Based Test (CBT), Information Technology Infrastructure (IT)

Background of the Study

As educational development advances in Nigeria, new ways of managing academic records at all levels of education must evolve correspondingly. Acceptable global standards of record- keeping pose a big challenge. Nigeria, as the giant of Africa, should take the lead in adopting new methods of educational records management. The challenges arising from the complexities associated with analog educational records create a loophole for sharp practices on the part of personnel. Mutilation of academic records is a major form of examination-related malpractices which consequently result in half-baked graduates who can hardly defend their certificates.  Since it was easy for several people to lay hands on hard copies of records and mutilate them, it became a matter of concern for organizations to evolve more secure strategies to curb the menace.

Today, employing organizations and academic institutions have heartily embraced online registration, online application, online examinations and computer-based tests (CBT), not only to check examination malpractice but to also curb the incidence of carrying volumes of papers around with the attendant possibilities of shortchanges. Until examinations and academic records become technology-driven, examination budgeting will always reflect logistics and transportation occupying high percentage of the budgets. Reported cases of accidents, attacks and late arrivals of question papers and answer scripts largely accounted for the failures of examination planning and administration, as reported in the past.

Given the foregoing, our educational institutions should enjoy huge information technology support; hence, a study on effective educational information management strategies becomes inevitable. It is also expected that organizations weigh the benefits of information technology against the challenges posed by bulky paper records that soon outgrow their dedicated shelves, files and folders, issuing quit notices to the human occupants of office.

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