The foremost thrust of this study is to investigate the evolving digital technologies and the effect on the performance of print production workers in The Sun and The Trust newspaper organisations in Nigeria, as well as the implications of these technologies on printing practice. To carry out this study, research objectives and questions were proposed to form the basis for three hypotheses investigated. A number of relevant studies were reviewed to establish the gap in the literature, while anchoring on Technological Determinism theory. The Explanatory mixed design and Survey method were combined to achieve the objective of the study. The population for this study was the sum of print production workers in The Sun (128) and The Trust (45) newspaper houses in Nigeria, as at June, 2013, totaling One Hundred and Seventy Three (173) workers. Data from the survey were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS), while notes from the oral interviews were transcribed, coded in themes and analyzed using hermeneutic interpretation. The three hypotheses in this study received empirical support. The key findings included the fact that digital technologiesIt was however recommended that print production workers in Nigeria should continuously acquire functional skills and training in digital technology to remain relevant and competitive in the newspaper industry in Nigeria.
Background of Study
Print media industry has evolved from the Gothic age of relief printing to the current electronic printing of documents. The process of printing was very laborious until the invention of movable type which is attributed to Johann Gutenberg of Mainz, Germany, in the mid 1450 (although the Chinese had a crude version of the printing press). In the past, most newspaper houses use phototypesetting systems to set type in galleys, which were cut and pasted into pages, and then imaged. But today, the influx of electronics and computers has affected almost all areas of print production. Technological advances have transformed the print media industry into a versatile form of communication that made newspapers more accessible to wider audience through the on-line newspapers. Almost every aspect of print production has been changed by the introduction of electronic scanners, electronic colour correction systems, electronic publishing, electronic controlled cameras, electronic monitoring and control systems on presses. But, while information and communication technologies have revolutionized the workplace and workflow, the basic format of the medium has remained the same (Veglis, 2007, p. 1).
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