Paper Title
WASTE GENERATION AND CONTROL IN ENUGU STATE: A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU-CITY, NIGERIA
Author
V.I. Muo, Bernard Okpe, Chika C. Ogbu
Section
Engineering, Health, Pure and Applied Sciences
Abstract

This research investigates the waste management methods and environmental issues associated with the waste management in Enugu-city, to suggest the effective ways of waste management and to rescue the environment. Data was collected through constructive questionnaires distributed to randomly selected residents of Enugu metropolis and also from the Enugu-State Waste Management agency (ESWAMA). Field observation was carried out for detailed assessment of the environments. The survey revealed that the ratio of dump stands to waste sites is small. It was found that Ogbete-market generates the highest quantity of waste in the city. Uwani, GRA, independence layout, and New Heaven are the best planned in terms of waste collection, while Eva-Valley, Gamboling, and Abakpa are regarded as the worst planned and the highest pollution centers. Open defecation, burning of waste and indiscriminate waste disposal constitutes the greater percentage of the environmental nuisance.  Recommended solutions includes; the use of *3R system of waste management, Funding and mobilization of more work forces for ESWAMA, Introduction of NGOS and other private waste managers with strict Government policy on the waste disposal and sanction to offenders.

Keywords
waste management, environmental issue, survey, ESWAMA and 3R system of waste management *3R means Reduction, Recycling and Reuse

Background of the Study

Population explosion, industrialization, urbanization and intensive agriculture have caused tremendous damage to our environment (Hamid, Usman, Elaigwu and Zubair, 2010). Man's ignorance of laws of nature and negligence to professional advice has further aggravated the problem as environmental pollution has become the order of the day. Akinyele (2000) refers to environment as the biological and physical surrounding of plants, animal and human being. Environment means the surroundings in which we live. It is a life-sustaining system in which various living beings like animals, including man, and non-living beings like air, water and soil are inter-related. The planet earth has a natural ozone layer that protects it from sun's dangerous ultra-violet rays. It has a self purification mechanism by accommodating both plants and animal which have alternative uses of carbon dioxide (CO2) and oxygen (O2) and a biosphere which is not only a source of life sustaining elements but also a sink into which all waste products are dumped. From the time immemorial, the biosphere had been effective in recycling waste but, nowadays, the action has been disastrously interrupted with waste overload beyond the recycling capacity. This has relatively delayed the waste recycling action and then exposed man to a great danger, as the environment is becoming more poisonous than life sustaining. This action, if not checked, will make the biosphere inhabitable.

 

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